Running Code Locally with Cargo

If you want to experiment with the code on your own system, then you will need to first install Rust. Do this by following the instructions in the Rust Book. This should give you a working rustc and cargo. At the time of writing, the latest stable Rust release has these version numbers:

% rustc --version
rustc 1.76.0 (07dca489a 2024-02-04)

% cargo --version
cargo 1.76.0 (c84b36747 2024-01-18)

You can use any later version too since Rust maintains backwards compatibility.

With this in place, follow these steps to build a Rust binary from one of the examples in this training:

  1. Click the “Copy to clipboard” button on the example you want to copy.

  2. Use cargo new exercise to create a new exercise/ directory for your code:

    $ cargo new exercise
         Created binary (application) `exercise` package
  3. Navigate into exercise/ and use cargo run to build and run your binary:

    $ cd exercise
    $ cargo run
       Compiling exercise v0.1.0 (/home/mgeisler/tmp/exercise)
        Finished dev [unoptimized + debuginfo] target(s) in 0.75s
         Running `target/debug/exercise`
    Hello, world!
  4. Replace the boiler-plate code in src/ with your own code. For example, using the example on the previous page, make src/ look like

    fn main() {
        println!("Edit me!");
  5. Use cargo run to build and run your updated binary:

    $ cargo run
       Compiling exercise v0.1.0 (/home/mgeisler/tmp/exercise)
        Finished dev [unoptimized + debuginfo] target(s) in 0.24s
         Running `target/debug/exercise`
    Edit me!
  6. Use cargo check to quickly check your project for errors, use cargo build to compile it without running it. You will find the output in target/debug/ for a normal debug build. Use cargo build --release to produce an optimized release build in target/release/.

  7. You can add dependencies for your project by editing Cargo.toml. When you run cargo commands, it will automatically download and compile missing dependencies for you.